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Anadolu Hisarı aka Anatolian Fortress was built by the Ottoman Sultan Yıldırım Beyazıt. Anadolu Hisarı is considered one of the most beautiful and advanced examples of Ottoman military architecture. Construction took place between 1391-1399 in order to control the Bosphorus and to prepare for the conquest of Istanbul.
Location of Anadolu Hisarı
Rumeli Hisarı and Anadolu Hisarı are located in the narrowest part of the Bosphorus. Anadolu Hisarı district, formerly a small fishing village, now attracts attention with its colorful historical houses.
Together with Rumeli Fortress, it served a very important function in the control of the Bosphorus for many years. Anadolu Hisarı, which has lost its military importance over time, is one of the structures that make up the most beautiful view of the Bosphorus today. The two most important regions of Anadolu Hisarı district are Göksu and Küçüksu recreation areas. It is the places where Istanbul residents spend time intensely with their natural beauty.
Architecture of Anatolian Fortress
Anatolian Fortress consists essentially of the main castle, inner castle walls and three towers. The main castle part of fort is a tower rising on a rectangular plan. The tower was placed on a high rock covered with earth. This tower, consisting of 4 floors, is entered through a gate located in the southwest of today. The inner castle walls of fort surround the main castle, which is two to three meters thick and has four towers on it. The inner castle is to the north of the tower in the northeast. The outer fortress walls are a very arched wall. It combines with the inner fortress walls from the southeast and northwest and is protected by three towers on it. Anadolu Hisarı, one of the most interesting works of its kind in Anatolian Turkish architecture, was built in the period of Fatih Sultan Mehmet during the outer wall and has an important function in the control of the Bosphorus in taking Istanbul with Rumeli hisarı.
Tour Guide to Anadolu Hisarı
Unfortunately Anadolu Hisarı is not commonly visited in Istanbul tours. I would recommend visiting this magnificent attraction if you stay more than a week in Istanbul. Hasan was kind enough to recommend it during my second visit in Istanbul. You can contact Hasan to learn more.