Emperor Augustus

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Emperor Augustus was originally born as Gaius Octavius but because of some Roman traditions which might sound strange to us, he gained many names next to his original name. Some of which were Imperator Caesar divi filius Augustus, Gaius Julius Caesar divi filius and Gaius Octavius Thurinus.

Augustus of Prima Porta
Augustus statue found in the villa
of Livia who was his wife

He was born in the city of Rome on the year 63 BC. His father, Gaius Octavius, was the governor of Macedonia and His mother, Atia, was Julius Caesar’s niece. He was just four years old when his father passed away and his mother married to Lucius Marcius Philippus who was a consul.

Augustus joined the fight against the forces of Pompey, his uncle Caesar’s enemy. Thanks to his heroism during these times, he was declared as Caesar’s main beneficiary. He went under serious military training outside Rome, and he came back to his hometown following the death of Caesar to claim properties as Caesar’s only heir.

Mark Antony showed a great disrespect against Augustus by supporting the uncles of Caesar. Augustus and Mark Antony started to have battles in between their private armies which resulted with the victory of Augustus. Antony had to flee to the Egypt and built an alliance with Queen Cleopatra VII. Couple had to commit suicide in the end when they couldn’t handle the armies of Augustus anymore.

House of Emperor Augustus which is similar to Terrace Houses in Ephesus

After the defeat of his greatest enemies, Antony and Cleopatra, Augustus entered Rome as the single rules and paved the road for himself to become the first emperor of the Roman Empire. Maybe the greatest legacy of him is leaving his surname, Caesar, as a title for the rest of the Roman Emperors who came after him till the fall of Constantinople in 1453.

Hasan Gülday

Hasan Gülday. Professional licensed tour guide working in Turkey.

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