Ephesus Ancient City

Ephesus Ancient City

I consider myself lucky since I live nearby Ephesus Ancient City and I literally grew up in these ruins. Frankly to tell the truth we ”the modern Ephesians” see ourselves as the descendants of the ancient people who lived in these ruins.

Once upon a time, Ephesus was the world’s second-biggest city after the great capital of the Roman Empire. It was not just big also it was officially the capital of the Roman Empire’s Asia Minor state and following this Ephesus was the cultural and economic capital in the east.

Visit Library of Celsus with Ephesus Tour Guide Hasan Gulday

Location of Ephesus Today

Today Ruins of Ephesus stand nearby the coastal city of Kusadasi, and it is about a twenty-five-minute drive. Ephesus always keeps its place among the five most visited attractions in Turkey, so I definitely recommend my guests to visit this beautiful city early morning. Also, Summer visits can be hard due to high-temperature conditions, regarding this early visit will be more convenient for you.

The entrance fee to Ephesus is one hundred Turkish Lira on the day this article was written. Also, there is a parking fee depending on the size of your transport. The smallest parking fee is 20 Turkish Lira, and it goes up to one hundred Turkish Lira for the big buses. Ephesus is open all year round.
Read more about the location of Ephesus and the distance of Ephesus from certain cities.

Temple of Domitian in Ephesus

Meaning of Ephesus

It is believed that Ephesus was built by warrior women who were known as Amazons. Some historians speculate that the name of Ephesus city originates from an Amazon princess or an Amazon city called Aphasas.

Library of Celsus with Mazeus and Mithridates Gate on the right-hand side

History of Ephesus

The roots of Ephesus are supposed to go back to the Bronze Age. We believe the name of Ephesus comes from the name “Apasas”, which is the name of an Amazon warrior queen. The first settlement location of Ephesus Ancient City is thought to be the hill where the Basilica of Saint John is located today. (There are recent unpublished excavations carrying the founding of Ephesus to the 7th ct. BC but these are not confirmed yet)

The original Ephesus which was a pure Anatolian settlement was later occupied by the Ancient Greeks in the twelfth and eleventh centuries, and later the Greeks, who mixed with the local people here, established an ancient city-state. This is how we believe Aphasas became Ephesus.

Mazeus and Mithridates Gate in Ephesus

Lysimachus became the ruler of Ephesus in the third century BC after the occupation of Ephesus by Alexander the Great. Lysimachus moved the city of Ephesus from the location where Saint John’s Basilica stands today to the valley between Nightingale Mountain and Panayır Mountain where today’s Ephesus ruins are located. Ephesus became a very important port city and finally the capital city of the Asian province of the Roman Empire. Also the second largest city in its time.

The port, which brought its wealth and prosperity to Ephesus, started to be filled with alluviums carried by the Cayster River. Emperor Hadrian started various projects and opened canals to prevent this port from being filled in the 2nd century. Eventually, the Port of Ephesus became unusable and the ancient city of Ephesus was abandoned in the 4th century AD.

Visit Theater of Ephesus with Ephesian Tour Guide Hasan Gulday

Attraction to See in Ephesus

Ephesus ancient city hosts attractions from different eras and cultures. All the attractions listed below are located within the borders of Ephesus Ancient City. A single ticket bought at the entrance of Ephesus will cover the entrance fee of all these attractions except the Terrace Houses of Ephesus. Ephesus ancient city is open every day of the week and the entrance fee is one hundred twenty Turkish Lira.

Ephesus Grand Theater
House of Virgin Mary in Ephesus

Attractions Nearby Ephesus

The attractions listed below are located nearby Ephesus ancient city. There are separate entrance fees for these attractions. Entrance fees are as follows; House of Virgin Mary is 60 Lira, Basilica of Saint John 35 Lira, and Ephesus Archeological Museum is 35 Lira. Isa Bey Mosque is free of charge since it is a place of worship.

Grotto of Apostle Paul in Ephesus

Ephesus and Christianity

Ephesus had one of the earliest Christian communities of the ancient world. Apostle Paul, Saint John the Evangelist, Virgin Mary, Saint Timothy, and many more disciples visited Ephesus. You can explore the Christian legacy of Ephesus by checking the articles below.

Famous People from Ephesus

A protective Ephesia Grammata enchanted amulet

Important Events Happened in Ephesus

Ancient Ephesian Coin

Animals and Plants Around Ephesus

Explore Turkey with licensed Turkish tour guide Hasan Gülday

Various Articles about Ephesus

Ephesus Archaeological Museum

Tour Guide for Ephesus

Contact Hasan Gulday the Turkish tour guide

I will be happy to host you here in my hometown and offer you some insider tips, knowledge. I guide groups going to Ephesus departing from Kusadasi Cruise Port, Kusadasi Hotels, Izmir Hotels, Selcuk Hotels, Izmir Hotels, and Izmir Adnan Menderes Airport. Contact me to hire a professional licensed tour guide for Ephesus Ancient City and attractions around Ephesus. You can also always contact me to have a tailor-made itinerary for your Ephesus tour. See you soon!

Hasan Gülday

Hasan Gülday. Professional licensed tour guide working in Turkey.

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